Cognitive Task Analysis and Knowledge Elicitation to Inform Medical Workstation Requirements for Long Duration Space Missions

  • Ronald DaikerEmail author
  • Angela Harrivel
  • Rania Ghatas
  • Renee Lake
  • Suzanne Maddock
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1201)


手机体育投注平台The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is conducting an investigation into the design of a medical workstation for an upcoming mission to Mars and other long duration crewed spaceflight missions. To help ensure the safety and well-being of astronauts on long duration exploration missions, this medical workstation represents a crucial capability for the overall success of future interplanetary missions. This research may benefit from another analogous NASA effort where researchers are currently generating requirements for a predictive space radiation risk model that will be used to plan crewed spaceflight missions beyond Low Earth Orbit (LEO). This activity includes a series of knowledge elicitation activities and the completion of a Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA) to inform the generation of design requirements. This paper is focused on how these methods and techniques can be adapted to the design of a medical workstation for the mission to Mars.


Cognitive task analysis Knowledge elicitation Medical workstation Requirements Moon to mars Long duration missions Interplanetary missions 


  1. 1.
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  2. 2.
    Daiker, R., Ghatas, R., Vincent, M., Rippy, L., Holbrook, J.: A cognitive task analysis of safety critical launch termination systems. In: International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, pp. 207–214. Springer, Cham. (2018)
  3. 3.
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Human Research Program Exploration Medical Capability.
  4. 4.
    Hoffman, R.R.: Protocols for cognitive task analysis. Technical report, State of Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition (2005)
  5. 5.
    Hoffman, R.R., Crandall, B., Shadbolt, N.: Use of the critical decision method to elicit expert knowledge: a case study in the methodology of cognitive task analysis. Hum. Factors 40(2), 254–276 (1998)
  6. 6.
    Militelo, L.G., Hutton, R.J.: Applied cognitive task analysis (ACTA): a practitioner’s toolkit for understanding cognitive task demands. Ergonomics 41(11), 1618–1641 (1998)
  7. 7.
    Human Systems Integration (HSI). Practitioner’s Guide. NASA/SP-2015-3709 (2015)
  8. 8.
    NASA Space Flight Human-System Standard. NASA-STD-3001 (2015)
  9. 9.
    Brooke, J.: SUS: A “Quick and Dirty” Usability Scale. In: Jordan, P.W., Thomas, B., Weerdmeester, B.A., McClelland, I.L. (eds.) Usability Evaluation in Industry, pp. 189–194. Taylor and Francis, London (1996)
  10. 10.
    Bangor, A., Miller, J., Kortum, P.: Determining what individual SUS scores mean: adding an adjective rating scale. J. Usability Stud. 4, 114–123 (2009)

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald Daiker
    • 1
    Email author
  • Angela Harrivel
    • 1
  • Rania Ghatas
    • 1
  • Renee Lake
    • 1
  • Suzanne Maddock
    • 2
  1. 1.NASA Langley Research CenterHamptonUSA
  2. 2.Analytical Mechanics Associates, Inc. (AMA)HamptonUSA

Personalised recommendations